John Hope Franklin was the James B. Duke Professor Emeritus of History at Duke University. He is a native of Oklahoma and a graduate of Fisk University. Franklin's numerous publications include “The Emancipation Proclamation,” “The Militant South,” “The Free Negro in North Carolina,” “Reconstruction After the Civil War,” and “A Southern Odyssey: Travelers in the Ante-bellum North.” His best-known book is “From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African-Americans” is now in its seventh edition. His “Jefferson Lecture in the Humanities for 1976” was published in 1985 and received the Clarence L. Holte Literary Prize for that year. He received the A.M. and Ph.D. degrees in history from Harvard University.