President Fernando Cardoso

Fernando Cardoso served as President of the Federal Republic of Brazil for two consecutive terms, from 1995 to 2003. During his time in office, Cardoso worked to reduce government involvement in the Brazilian economy to attract foreign investment and spur economic growth. Cardoso’s administration also encouraged an increase in ethanol production through the country’s sugar cane crop, which has made Brazil a model for the use of alternative fuels. Cardoso served as professor-at-large at Brown University’s Watson Institute of International Studies from 2003 to 2008. Cardoso has written two books on his presidential experiences, "The Accidental President of Brazil: A Memoir" (2006) and "Charting a New Course: The Politics of Globalization and Global Transformation" (2001).